There are two types of spearfishing. Free diving or breath-hold spearfishing and spearfishing on scuba. There are many debates that have taken place at ocean side dive bars about which method is better, harder, more exciting etc. The debate refers to the countries that allow both spearfishing by breath hold and on scuba. The United States happens to be one of these countries. The debate is typically warm hearted and harmless. Most seasoned spearo’s here in the States are both breath hold hunters and bubble blowers and understand the reason both forms are allowed. But occasionally the debate can be heated and misunderstood. Certain countries do not allow spearfishing at all and some allow breath hold only, while others allow both breath hold and scuba hunting. There are multiple reasons for this, one is geography and overfishing. Many countries that don’t allow tank hunting have very limited shallow water areas surrounding there country. Many areas coastlines drop off to extreme depths just a few miles off the coast. This would allow over-fishing regardless of gear type. But we are very fortunate here in the United States. We have thousands of miles of shallow bottom area. We also impose regulations regarding size and limits. Here in the United States spearfishing is spearfishing. Call yourself a spearfisherman regardless of your gear, and be proud.
Whether you decide to spearfish by freediving or on scuba, you need to get the proper training. This statement could not be more important to abide by. If done correctly with proper training, spearfishing is a fun, rewarding and a safe sport. If done without proper training it can be deadly. So after reading this if the sport of spearfishing interests you, I’ll supply a few training agencies for both freediving and scuba that you can contact to get the proper training to insure safe, sustainable, and successful spearfishing.
For the sake of simplicity we are going to focus on spearfishing on scuba for this article. I will definitely follow up with an article on freediving. Stay tuned to this website for that.
First step is becoming a certified scuba diver. Once that is complete (and you log some dives) you can now dive into underwater hunting. Like any other sport spearfishing requires a certain skill level. Before you decide to take on the added task of hunting underwater in a sometimes unforgiving ocean environment, you have to ask yourself if your dive skills are ready for it. Divers should have at least an intermediate skill level. You should be comfortable with your air consumption, buoyancy and navigation skills. Also, when spearfishing compared to just recreational diving, you’ll be swimming at an increased rate. Plus the added adrenaline rush of shooting, fighting and stringing up fish, can overexert a diver in poor physical condition. So get certified, get some experience diving, get in good health and than take up the exciting sport of spearfishing.